Army Inventions

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Complete list of all inventions linked to army technologies (Victoria:Revolutions v2.01) Prerequisite inventions are shown in green.


Contents

Jominian Attitude

This was an objectivistic view of war in which there where a set of objective laws governing warfare. Follow them and you cannot fail to win. The idea was to unite all forces coming from different direction to the point of battle. Doing so the communication of the enemy would be broken before the battle and all friendly forces would cooperate in the attack. Morale and elan was also given high priority over technical finnesse and technological innovation.

Clausewitzian Theory

This was a subjectivistic view of war in which there where a set of rules of the thumb governing warfare. The important concept was 'friction' which was simplyfied everything that could go wrong. The important thing was to break the will of the enemy. Doing that would ensure optimized performance of friendly forces and severely handicap the enemy. Some misguided individuals of this inclination put the battle of destruction as the most important feature. However, while the Clausewitzian Theory does not say that it is improper it does not encourage it either. Breaking the will of the enemy can take many routes, but a good organization and technological modernization is defenitely important.

Field Fortifications

This was the first fortification using modern material and new engineering techniques. This application give you the possiblity to build a new fortification type.

  • ID: 102
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Strategic Mobility
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf: Defense +1
    Inf: Supply consumption +2%
    Activate units: E
    Max Fortification Level: 2

Railroad Transport Groups

At this point specialists formed certain groups that services specialized railroad units. These could quickly load and reload trains and service the full movement of army units.

  • ID: 103
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Strategic Mobility, Early Railroad
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Signal Detachments

At this point seperate signal detachments were added to divisions and up vastly increasing their communication.

Flexible Firepower

At this point a tactical innovation and development of both weaponry and defensive points allowed the armies to build arching points of fire that flexibly could cover the terrain effectively. This application give you the possiblity to build a new fortification type.

Synchronized Heavy Support

At this point artillery and divisional pieces trained to move the barrage for more flexible battlefield movement of the infantry, but also to optimize the fire and create 'killing zones'.

Staff Command Support

The introduction of working staffs att lower echelon units was a spin off from having an effective and functional General Staff. Soon all units had staffs that supported their leaders.

Trench Systems

At this point fire power was vastly more powerful than movement and even the front stationed infantry units had to digg in to survival the superior fire power of enemy artillery. Soon lines of deep defensive lines filled sections of the front bringing stalemate to the front. These lines where given the name trenches. This application give you the possiblity to build a new fortification type.

Gas Attack Capability

By loading artillery ammunition with poisonous gas substance the the killing zones stayed lethal for long periods of time. It also decreased the movement capacity of the defending units and the protective ability of concrete fortifications.

  • ID: 109
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Deep Defense System
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Activate: Gas Attack

Gas Defense Capability

By introducing gasmasks and a set of rules for how to wear the uniform when attacked by gas, and standard operation procedures for movement under gas attacks, the losses and and effects of gas was diminished.

Elastic Defense System

At this points the trenches grow to formidable systems of trenches with two or even three lines of defenses bolstered with concrete fortifications and machine gun positions. The scene was as captured from the 'Inferno' section of Dante Alighieris 'Divina Comedia'. This application give you the possiblity to build a new fortification type.

Flexible Counterattacks

After the enemy had gone over the top and his offensive was ebbing this tactics meant preplanned counterattacks against gaps in the enemy line where advance had not been synchronized. These counterattacks could sometimes push back the enemy even further than is original attacking positions.

  • ID: 112
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Deep Defense System, Elastic Defense System
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, G, R: Fire +1
    Inf, R, G: Supply consumption +2%, +5%, +12%
    Infantry Anti-entrenchment Bonus: +20%

Low Echelon Fire Support

By introducing divisional artillery and mortars down on battalion level. Units got better firepower much faster which was very important both in offensive and defensive.

Stormtrooper Training

This was a technique of using special units to press a gap in the line and cut of trenches behind this new line. Units used was specially trained for the task.

  • ID: 114
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: tech 1005, Bolt-action Rifles
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    R, G: Defense +1, +2
    R, G: Supply consumption +5%, +12%
    Infantry Anti-entrenchment Bonus: +30%

Tank Experiments

The first tank, sometimes called barrel, was blessed with mixed success due to the unreliability of these first steel monsters. However, when they worked they could open up the front whereever they went.

  • ID: 115
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Infiltration
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Activate units: B
    Tank Anti-entrenchment Bonus: +30%

Tank Exploits

At this point tanks are more reliable and used in smaller units to break holes in the line where stormtroopers and regular infantry could pour in and fight the enemy.

  • ID: 116
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Infiltration, Tank Experiments
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    B: Supply consumption +100%
    Tank Anti-entrenchment Bonus: +60%

Telegraph Coordination

By coordinating units by communicating and sending orders by telegraph the operational speed of units and decision-making increased vastly.

  • ID: 117
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Plans, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Telegraph Coordination

By coordinating units by communicating and sending orders by telegraph the operational speed of units and decision-making increased vastly.

  • ID: 118
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Plans, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Mobilization Time Tables

By pre-planning mobilization all reserve units had set mobilization areas and time tables for getting equipment, boarding trains, and frontal marching routes. This sped up the mobilization vastly.

  • ID: 119
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Plans, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Mobilization Time Tables

By pre-planning mobilization all reserve units had set mobilization areas and time tables for getting equipment, boarding trains, and frontal marching routes. This sped up the mobilization vastly.

  • ID: 120
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Plans, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Personnel Category Tables

These tables categorized tasks, position, etc so that it was easy in peace time to place personnel into combat formations. During mobilization the process was sped up as it was easy to know which soldier was to go to what company.

Personnel Category Tables

These tables categorized tasks, position, etc so that it was easy in peace time to place personnel into combat formations. During mobilization the process was sped up as it was easy to know which soldier was to go to what company.

Ammunition Area Effect Calculations

By making statistical standard measurements of how much ammunition was needed give the right effect against a predefined size of enemy unit in a predefined square area combat became more cost efficient.

  • ID: 123
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Ammunition Area Effect Calculations

By making statistical standard measurements of how much ammunition was needed give the right effect against a predefined size of enemy unit in a predefined square area combat became more cost efficient.

  • ID: 124
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Empirical Combat Efficiency Matrix

By checking certain attributes as morale, how well feed the soldiers were, illnesses and wounds it was possible to check how efficient the unit would fight in the upcoming combat in advance.

  • ID: 125
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Empirical Combat Efficiency Matrix

By checking certain attributes as morale, how well feed the soldiers were, illnesses and wounds it was possible to check how efficient the unit would fight in the upcoming combat in advance.

  • ID: 126
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Combat Loss Evaluation Schemata

By counting losses on both sides and turn the figures into a matrix it was possible to estimate losses in a upcoming combat in advance.

  • ID: 127
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Combat Loss Evaluation Schemata

By counting losses on both sides and turn the figures into a matrix it was possible to estimate losses in a upcoming combat in advance.

  • ID: 128
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Statistics, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Pre-planned Depot Systems

By planning a system of depots in peace time, set in a chain, these could be turned into focus points of the supply flow in war.

  • ID: 129
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Logistics, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Pre-planned Depot Systems

By planning a system of depots in peace time, set in a chain, these could be turned into focus points of the supply flow in war.

  • ID: 130
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Logistics, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Logistical Calculations

These standard measurements of how much supplies and reinforcements a standards unit needed during a defined time period made it easier to plan for a war.

  • ID: 131
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Logistics, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Logistical Calculations

These standard measurements of how much supplies and reinforcements a standards unit needed during a defined time period made it easier to plan for a war.

  • ID: 132
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Military Logistics, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +2%, +6%, +4%

Replenishment Transport Organisation

Depots were focus points for the wartime supply system, but a replenishment transport organization was needed to get bullets and toilettpaper out to the men.

Replenishment Transport Organisation

Depots were focus points for the wartime supply system, but a replenishment transport organization was needed to get bullets and toilettpaper out to the men.

Political Lobbying

By having high ranking officers attending politicians and being experts in defense commissions etc the Army could easily have a strong influence over the political decisions concerning the defense and the security policy.

Political Lobbying

By having high ranking officers attending politicians and being experts in defense commissions etc the Army could easily have a strong influence over the political decisions concerning the defense and the security policy.

Military-Political Decision-making

In wartime an influential Army that had lobbied for their cause for a long time could get full control not only over the excecutiion of the war, but also over the resource management of the country. This could basically be called a Military Dictatorship governed by the General Staff.

Military-Political Decision-making

In wartime an influential Army that had lobbied for their cause for a long time could get full control not only over the excecutiion of the war, but also over the resource management of the country. This could basically be called a Military Dictatorship governed by the General Staff.

Local Military Government

In a highly militarized society, or a normal society in war, often needed not only military-civilan cooperation boards on a local level, but sometimes most of the local government could be appointed officers. This meant not only a strong military control, but also that the power of the Army increased disproportionaly in comparison to other governmental agencies.

Local Military Government

In a highly militarized society, or a normal society in war, often needed not only military-civilan cooperation boards on a local level, but sometimes most of the local government could be appointed officers. This meant not only a strong military control, but also that the power of the Army increased disproportionaly in comparison to other governmental agencies.

Academic Training

This meant that to be come an officer it was no longer enough to be of gentle blood. You also had to attend a formal education which could at best be as good as any college. This was one of the most important causes behind the professionalization of the officers corps.

  • ID: 141
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Academic Training

This meant that to be come an officer it was no longer enough to be of gentle blood. You also had to attend a formal education which could at best be as good as any college. This was one of the most important causes behind the professionalization of the officers corps.

  • ID: 142
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Field Training

Earlier on training meant march training and basic drill, but at this point full units trained interoperationability out in the field acting as if their brigade or division was at a state of war. This training vastly increased combat performance of units.

  • ID: 143
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Field Training

Earlier on training meant march training and basic drill, but at this point full units trained interoperationability out in the field acting as if their brigade or division was at a state of war. This training vastly increased combat performance of units.

  • ID: 144
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Societal Status

At this time the professionalization of the officer corps and the fact the the majority of it consisted of middle class men rather than gentry increased its societal status.

  • ID: 145
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Societal Status

At this time the professionalization of the officer corps and the fact the the majority of it consisted of middle class men rather than gentry increased its societal status.

  • ID: 146
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Professionalism, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1850 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Independent Command

The old rules said that a officer breaking an order of a higher officer was to be brought to court martial. This made decision-making very indecisive. At this point regulations said that an officer was to carry on the core idea of the order of his superior officer, but how was at his own discretion.

  • ID: 147
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Independent Command

The old rules said that a officer breaking an order of a higher officer was to be brought to court martial. This made decision-making very indecisive. At this point regulations said that an officer was to carry on the core idea of the order of his superior officer, but how was at his own discretion.

  • ID: 148
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Continuous Issuing of Orders

By using a staff system even at low echelon units it enabled the leader to give orders continuously and accurate.

  • ID: 149
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Continuous Issuing of Orders

By using a staff system even at low echelon units it enabled the leader to give orders continuously and accurate.

  • ID: 150
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Delegated Power

This meant that an officer could temporary delegate authority to one or more of his subordinates when come to clearly defined areas of responibilities. This meant that he did not have to control everything himself at all times and that he could focus on the important questions.

  • ID: 151
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Delegated Power

This meant that an officer could temporary delegate authority to one or more of his subordinates when come to clearly defined areas of responibilities. This meant that he did not have to control everything himself at all times and that he could focus on the important questions.

  • ID: 152
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Decision Making, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1860 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Wargames

The wargames where staff training. It meant playing out a situation, a fictive war of conflict, and setting to staffs against eachother and training them in order writing, communications and planning. At some degree it also trained therit tactical and operational skill.

  • ID: 153
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Wargames

The wargames where staff training. It meant playing out a situation, a fictive war of conflict, and setting to staffs against eachother and training them in order writing, communications and planning. At some degree it also trained therit tactical and operational skill.

  • ID: 154
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Alternative Plans

By letting the staff produce several alternative plans the best alternative be discerned faster by the commander. Also if things changed the commander and his staff always had an alternative to go for quickly.

  • ID: 155
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Alternative Plans

By letting the staff produce several alternative plans the best alternative be discerned faster by the commander. Also if things changed the commander and his staff always had an alternative to go for quickly.

  • ID: 156
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Saddle Orders

This was the ability to give good order fast and under heavy stress. This was trained, and of course when possible learnt through experience.

  • ID: 157
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Saddle Orders

This was the ability to give good order fast and under heavy stress. This was trained, and of course when possible learnt through experience.

  • ID: 158
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army Risk Management, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1880 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Literate NCO's

When literate NCOs started to flock to the ranks the average quality of the units and the training of the soldiers increased.

Literate NCO's

When literate NCOs started to flock to the ranks the average quality of the units and the training of the soldiers increased.

NCO Field Training

By exessively training the NCOs in the field and with the equipment these not only became pioneers for the men, but also highly competent trainers of the smaller units.

NCO Field Training

By exessively training the NCOs in the field and with the equipment these not only became pioneers for the men, but also highly competent trainers of the smaller units.

NCO Tactical Training

By exessively training the NCOs in the field and with tactical situations these not only became the leaders of the men, but also the initiative takers in combat.

  • ID: 163
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army NCO Training, Clausewitzian Theory, "Clausewitzian Theory" nations only
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +2%
    Dra: MaxMorale +3%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

NCO Tactical Training

By exessively training the NCOs in the field and with tactical situations these not only became the leaders of the men, but also the initiative takers in combat.

  • ID: 164
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Army NCO Training, Jominian Attitude, "Jominian Attitude" nations only
  • Years: 1895 - 1920
  • Effects:
    Inf, Cav, Dra: MaxOrg +1%
    Dra: MaxMorale +5%
    Inf, Cav, Dra: Supply consumption +4%, +12%, +8%

Firepower vs Mobility

After the end of the First World War, the major powers had to re-evaluate their military strategies in light of the brutual lessons learned during the years of inconclusive trench warfare. One major school of thought that emerged focussed on the importance of using massed firepower, principally in the form of artillery, to overwhelm the enemy and literally blast a hole in their lines to facilitate an advance, while another school of thought suggested that the key to victory on the modern battlefield was mobility, so that friendly forces could maneouvre around enemy strongpoints to pursue the attack on more advantageous terms.

Grand Battle Plan vs Superior Firepower

For those armies that focussed on firepower, another crucial decision revolved around how that firepower was to be utilized. One possibility was to craft intricate and detailed plans that integrated artillery strikes on specific targets timed to end just as the main assault was launched, while another possibility was simply to mass together as much artillery as possible and bombard the enemy until he gave way.

  • ID: 166
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Modern Army Doctrine, Firepower vs Mobility, Choice A
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects of Choice A (Grand Battle Plan)
    Inf, Cav: MaxMorale +5%
    Sets doctrine "Grand Battle Plan" (for HoI2-DD conversion)
  • Effects of Choice B (Superior Firepower)
    Inf, Cav: Fire +1
    Sets doctrine "Superior Firepower" (for HoI2-DD conversion)


Human Wave vs Spearhead

For those armies that focussed on mobility, it was important to decide how precisely the army was to be mobile. One option was to use standard infantry forces, and to overwhelm the enemy when contact was made, while another option was to focus on specialized spearhead units, often with a mechanized component, that were best suited for mobility and could quickly exploit weaknesses in the enemy line.

  • ID: 167
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Modern Army Doctrine, Firepower vs Mobility, Choice B
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects of Choice A (Human Wave Docterine)
    Inf, Cav: Supply consumption -4%, -12%
    Sets doctrine "Human Wave Docterine" (for HoI2-DD conversion)
  • Effects of Choice B (Spearhead Docterine)
    Inf, Cav: Speed +1
    Sets doctrine "Spearhead Docterine" (for HoI2-DD conversion)

Interwar Infantry

From the end of the Great War to the end of the Depression, many nations' armies kept evolving in nature and focus. Starting with new divisional structures, many armies began to develop specialized units, ranging from Marines to Mountaineers. A greater degree of motorisation, with mass availability of cars and trucks, added to the ever-changing nature of land units across the globe.

  • ID: 168
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Modern Divisional Structure
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    Inf, G, R: Fire +3, +2, +1
    Inf, G, R: Supply consumption +2%, +5%, +12%

Interwar Cavalry

With the mass casulaties suffered in the Great War, and the dawning of the motorised age, traditional horse cavalry was on its way out. The new focus on motorisation changed the way cavalry was to be used, and its role on the battlefield. No longer horse-mounted, soldiers would be mounted instead on motorised vehicles. Motorisation would also allow for more fire power from heavier guns, and speed up deployment times.

  • ID: 169
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Modern Divisional Structure
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    Dra, Cav, H: Fire +3, +2, +1
    Dra, Cav, H: Supply consumption +2%, +5%, +12%

Rear Area Dumps

As technology advanced, particularly in terms of motorisation, new concepts needed to be applied to more traditional doctrines. Supply, always an issue to an army, was greatly enhanced by these changes. It was now possible, as well as necessary, to establish major supply depots, from which entire sectors could be supplied. It was no longer necessary for long supply trains to feed frontline units, as centralised depots could rapidly dispense needed material to units.

  • ID: 170
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Modern Divisional Structure
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    Inf, R, G, HQ, Dra, Cav, H: Supply consumption -2%, -5%, -12%, -8%, -2%, -5%, -12%

Tankette

Experience in the Great War showed the value and usefulness of tanks. However, those that saw action tended to be a bit unwieldy in rough terrain, and not very mobile. Tankettes were the first in a long line of developments in tank technology, that allowed for greater speeds and better maneuverability.

Light Tank

A major step forward in tank technology was the light tank. Generally mounting machine guns or a light gun, these were the first "true" tanks to be produced. Used in an infantry-support role, these tanks gave divisions much-needed mobile fire power with a solid defensive capability.

  • ID: 172
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Heavy Armament, Tankette
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    B: Fire +1
    B: Speed +1
    B: Supply consumption +5%

Armoured Cars

Armored Cars filled a role not well suited to tanks or to regular infantry mounted on trucks. Providing lighter vehicles to cavalry and police units, armored cars could travel at speed over regular roads, and provide a high degree of fire power per vehicle.

Anti-Aircraft Artillery

In response to the increasing role of aircraft in armed conflict, new methods and weapons were designed to counter this new threat. Dedicated anti-aircraft artillery was a major step forward in this area.

  • ID: 174
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Heavy Armament
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    A, E: Defense +4, +1
    A, E: Supply consumption +20%, +7%

Improved Anti-Aircraft Artillery

"As aircraft improved over time, so too did the weapons to counter them. Heavier guns, with improved sights,"" and better designed shells made the dreaded """"ack-ack"""" all the more dangerous."

Light Artillery

As experience from the Great War demonstrated, infantry units, especially those operating in rough terrain, needed a viable option for increased fire power. Traditional guns were too heavy, and too bulky to be used effectively or moved rapidly in adverse conditions. Shorter range guns of smaller calibers, which were easily moved by horse, vehicle, or manpower, were developed to fill this need. these are the so called "mountain guns."

  • ID: 176
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Heavy Armament
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    A: Fire +4
    A: Supply consumption +20%

Medium Artillery

Coming out of the mold of traditional artillery, combined with the experiences of the Great War and the rapid increase in motorisation, the medium artilley gun was developed. Of modest calibers, these guns were the standard for regular infantry units, providing them with a greater fire power capability and mobility that they had previously lacked.

Heavy Artillery

Monsters of the battlefield, these heavy guns were the long-range threats feared by infantrymen everywhere. Large caliber guns that could be placed well behind the front lines, they could support multiple operations within their range.

Early Interwar Bombers

Begining with the first pilot to drop a grenade on his enemy, the use of aircraft to deliver munitions to the enemy was acknowledged to be of great tactical and strategic value. To enhance and expand this ability, dedicated bomber aircraft were developed.

  • ID: 179
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Aeronautics
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    Activate units: TAC

Late Interwar Bombers

Advances in aircraft design, improvements to construction, and improved aircraft engines greatly enhanced the abilities of bombers to accomplish thier missions. Increased range, greater payloads, and better armoring all made bombers a much greater threat to combatant nations.

Early Interwar Fighters

The concept of denying the enemy access to the air above one's army was discovered early in the budding air war. Aircraft whose sole role was to engage and eliminate enemy aircraft found thier use well before their bomber cousins.

  • ID: 181
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Aeronautics
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    Activate units: FTR

Late Interwar Fighters

In a never ending cycle, advances in one area led directly to advances in other areas. Dedicated fighter aircraft, whose role is to engage enemy aircraft, gained advanatges from the same osurces as bombers, and in repsonse to advances in bomber aircraft. New engines, better designs, improved sights, and improved guns, made these fighters among the deadliest things in the air.

Air Superiority

With the advent of aircraft, it was not long until the question arose of how they could be used in wartime. At first their primary use was for reconnaissance, but soon thereafter aircraft began to be used to bomb military targets, and to shoot down other aircraft. New ideas and concept had to thus be evolved in order to best utilize this new military weapon.

  • ID: 183
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Aeronautics
  • Years: 1919 - 1935
  • Effects:
    FTR: MaxOrg +2
    FTR: MaxMorale +2

Flying Circus Doctrine

As the interception and destruction of enemy aircraft by friendly fighters became increasingly important, military leaders soon came to realize that fighters worked best when working together as a group, so they could support each other and increase the chances both of survival and successful interceptions.

Force Substitution Doctrine

As air combat became increasingly frequent, it became important to rotate aircraft and crews through the frontlines air bases, so as to avoid exhaustion. Rotation allowed for the most capable pilots to be at the front, thus increasing the odds of success.

Battlefield Destruction Doctrine

Battlefield destruction called for airpower to focus on the bombing of frontline enemy military units, in close co-operation with friendly assaults launched against those enemy units.

Operational Destruction Doctrine

Operation destruction called for airpower to focus on the bombing on the infrastructure that supported the enemy's field units, in order to prevent their resupply and redeployment, thus decreasing their mobility and rendering them incapable of responding to friendly offensives launched against enemy weakpoints.

Strategic Destruction Doctrine

Strategic destruction called for airpower to focus on the bombing of enemy cities and factories, in order to not only destroy the enemy's ability to produce the weaponry of war, but also to break the will of the enemy populace, thus leading to increased pressure on the enemy government to surrender.

Jominian Attitude vs Clausewitzian Theory

With the Post Napoleonic Ideas developing in our armies, our military thinkers have divided themselves into two camps. Those who favour the theories of Jomini and those who favour the theories of Von Clausewitz. We need to choose which we favour.

  • ID: 189
  • Prerequisite Techs/ Inventions: Post-Napoleonic Thought
  • Years: 1836 - 1935
  • Effects of Choice A (Jominian Attitude)
    Sets army doctrines to "Jominian Attitude"
  • Effects of Choice B (Clausewitzian Theory)
    Sets army doctrines to "Clausewitzian Theory"


Unit Abbreviations

A (Artillery Brigade)
B (Barrel/ Tank Brigade)
C (Cuirassier Brigade)
Cav (Cavalry)
Dra (Dragoons)
E (Engineer Brigade)
FTR (Fighter Brigade) G (Guard Brigade)
H (Hussar Brigade)
HQ (Headquarter Attachment)
Inf (Infantery)
Irr (Irregulars)
R (Regulars Brigade)
TAC (Bomber)