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Unifying Germany


Creating Germany - Introduction

German unification is one of the most frequently queried topics and definitely one of the most popular questions asked by 19th Century German enthusiasts. Therefore this guide shall briefly describe the different methods available to the player to unify Germany.

Who can unify Germany?

Even though all the German minors possess the exact same cores as each other does, they are not given any events allowing a player to unify Germany. However Prussia, who is the strongest German minor is the only country capable of unifying Germany. Therefore, due to this unique ability she is an extremely popular choice of country in Victoria.

Unification Methods

In truth there are only three methods of unifying Germany, but for sake of argument I will describe four. Each method is of course quite flexible, allowing a player to create Germany in his own way. So there are multiple of combinations which one can find to unify Germany, thus every Prussian game shall be different.

Popular Unification (4612)

Popular Unification is the fastest way to unify Germany and is perhaps one of the easiest. It is an ahistorical way of creating a democratic Liberal Germany.

How does it work?

To achieve Popular Unification, there are certain requirements;

1. Prussia must be a democracy or constitutional monarchy.

2. All other minors must be democracies or constitutional monarchies.

3. Both these conditions must be met between 15th January 1836 and 30th December 1851.

What does it do?

Once the conditions are met, the event will pop up, with an offset of 30 days. Once accepted;

1. Germany will be created.

2. A parliamentary democracy, with a multi-party and equality system will be drawn up.

3. Voting rights will be set to wealth whilst all parties will be allowed.

4. The Liberaldem. Partei will come to power.

Furthermore, all the German minors will get an event offering a choice to join or refusing the chance to join Prussia under the one banner of Germany. This may take some time after the original event, since there is an offset of 30 days for these respective events too.

If Prussia is at war with a German minor, then that minor will not get the event to join in the 'Popular Unification'.

Anything else I should know?

Popular Unification allows the unique chance to annex Austria peacefully, as they become part of a new Germany. For this to happen;

1. Hungary must exist in some shape or form.

2. Austria and Germany must not be at war with each other.

3. Austria can be any form of government.

Austria will get an event which gives the option for Austria to join or to refuse to join.

Also, it is very unlikely that the German minors will change to constitutional monarchies, and even less likely that they will become democracies, therefore you may be forced to change them yourself. This can be done, if your government is a constitutional monarchy already, through annexation followed by releasing the conquered state as a satellite (reducing your badboy and causing them to gain your type of government, i.e. const. monarchy), or outright annexation. The first option is best used upon states without any valuable resources (i.e. grain), but some may prefer to annex Pfaltz outright most games for the sulfur there.

  • TIP In game Hungary has cores on Upper Hungary (today Slovakia), which Austria does not have cores on itself. Thus you can easily buy/take in war a province in Slovakia from Austria, and then release it as Hungary. Then, after Austria is annexed into Germany, you can always just annex the fledgling Hungarian state, incorporating it into Germany once more.


This makes Popular Unification a very tempting method of unifying Germany, since Germany can become massive if everything goes right. However by accepting this method of unifying, the player forgoes the opportunities for at least one scripted war with Denmark, a scripted war with Austria & France and of course many other events which provide prestige. Also, once you become a democracy, there is no turning back but through revolution. A German democracy may not be something desirable...

Frankfurt Assembly (4615)

Of all the ahistorical methods of unifying Germany, this was historically speaking the most likely way that Germany could have been unified. The Assembly took place during the 1848 Liberal revolutions and certainly could have became the parliament for a new Democratic Germany. However the Prussian military and conservatives got the better of the situation, made concessions and so the old order survived... In the game, you are given the opportunity to create a constitutional monarchist Germany, run by the Liberals with this event, at the cost of gaining prestige. However, you are almost guaranteed to be given this option in 1849.

How does it work?

It is extremely easy to meet the requirements for the Frankfurt Assembly;

1. Prussia must be a monarchy.

2. Frankfurt-am-Main and Germany must not be at war.

The event fires on 2nd July 1849 if the above requirements are met.

What does it do?

The Frankfurt Assembly event does the following;

1. Germany will be created.

2. A HMS constitutional monarchy, with a multi-party system will be drawn up. National Value will be set to Liberty.

3. Voting rights will be set to landed whilst you will have the right to ban parties.

4. The Liberaldem. Partei will come to power.

5. Germany loses 200 prestige.

6. All former alliances are broken (including all defensive alliances with the German minors).

7. Germany's relations with Austria and Russia fall by -75 while relations with UK and France rise by +100.


1. Frankfurt-am-Main becomes the North German Confederation (NGF) and the NGF becomes a satellite of Germany.

2. Bavaria becomes the South German Confederation (SGF) and the SGF becomes a satellite of Austria.

3. The North German minors get the chance to join the NGF, which they usually accept.

4. The South German minors get the chance ot join the SGF, which they usually accept.

Anything else I should know?

This is an awful way of unifying Germany! Simply awful. Why? Well because first of all you lose 200 prestige by accepting the event.

You also lose out on the opportunity of making more prestige, since the Otto von Bismarck event you will get in 1862 will not be 'Great' and give you +200 prestige but will in fact be 'Argh' and give you -50 prestige!

Finally, the South and Northern German Confederations will be created. That will mean that you will have to DoW these nations to get their provinces, which will mean losing 2 x 100 prestige and when dowing the SGF, having to face Austria also.

So you should consider two things before you even think about clicking 'Accept the Frankfurt Assembly' button.

1. If you decline, you get 50 free prestige!!

2. The AI chance of accepting the Frankfurt Assembly is 7%. Even the AI is not stupid enough to accept this awful method of unification.


Don't unify Germany this way. The only time you should have an excuse to unify Germany this way is when you are drunk.

Conservative Empire (4616)

This is probably the riskiest and trickiest way of unifying Germany. It can provide great rewards if successfully done. However there is only a random chance of success and so it is quite possible that you will meet all the requirements and still not be able to unify this way.

How does it work?

To have any chance of unifying Germany by the Conservative Empire route, the following requirements must be met;

1. Prussia must be a monarchy or a consitutional monarchy.

2. All German minors must be monarchies or constitutional monarchies.

3. Prussia must be at peace and Prussia must be a Great Power.

4. Prussia must have greater prestige than Austria, Hannover and Bavaria.

5. Prussia must have a stronger army (more military score) than Austria.

6. There is only a 5% chance of the event firing once all conditions are met, every 30 days.

7. The event may only fire between 15th June and 30th December 1850.

How does the random percentage chance work?

As I have said already, there is a 5% chance of the event firing, once all conditions are met. The conditions are checked every 30 days, therefore there are only 6 times that event can fire.

Since there is a 5% chance it will fire, there is a 95% chance that it won't fire.

So this means, .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 (.95^6) is the actual percentage chance of the event not firing.

Alternatively 1 - (.95^6) is the percentage chance of the event actually firing.

.95^6 = 0.735091890625

So 1 - 0,735091890625 = 0.264908109375

Therefore the chance that the Conservative Empire event will fire is = 26.5%

What does it do?

If the conditions are met and you are lucky enough to get the event to fire;

1. Germany will be created.

2. A one party, monarchist system which sets laws by decree will be drawn up. National Value will be set to Order.

3. Voting and politicial parties will not be allowed.

4. The Konservatei Partei will come to power.

5. Germany's badboy will be reduced by -30.

6. Germany's relations will fall with some countries (UK: -25, France: -50, Austria: -75, Russia -40)

Furthermore, the German minors all get an event offering a choice to join or decline the chance to join this new Conservative Empire. There is an offset of 15 days for these events, so it's not unusual for it to take a few days before the minors join Germany. The minors usually tend to join Germany.

If Prussia is at war with any minor, they will not get the event to join Germany.

Anything else I should know?

There are definitely a few things to note from these chain of events.

Firstly, the 30 BB reduction can be rather useless since it only wipes out BB prior to annexing all the minors. Therefore you will still have alot of BB once all the minors join.

Also, if the minors accept to join you, their liberal pops' militancy will rise by +2. This can leave a messy situation, since most of these former minor provinces will want to revolt (not to mention they will want to revolt for the next 10 years due to nationalism).

Finally, the good news is that usually the German minors stay monarchies or constitutional monarchies. The German minors hardly ever change to democracies therefore it's easy to make sure this requirement is met. Nevertheless be vigilant and make sure it remains that way!


This is probably the most ideal way of unifying Germany, since you maintain the Prussian conservativism ruling elite. By remaining a monarchy you are able to keep your options open on how you'd like to change your form of government.

However, by going down this path you run the risk of not being able to unify Germany by event, since there is only a random chance you will get this event to fire. If you don't get this event to fire, then you'll only be able to unify Germany via the Three Hurrays, which can be quite frustrating.

So like Popular Unification there are advantages and disadvantages to this method of unifying Germany.

The Three Hurrays (4632)

Alas, we come to the final & historical way of unifying Germany. To unify Germany this way, Prussia needs to occupy Paris in the Franco-Prussian war, whether it be initiated by the Hohenzollern on the Spanish throne question, or manually by the player. Whether the player contests the Slesvig question (1863) or Austrian leadership question (1866) it does not have any influence on the player's ability to unify Germany. The outcome of the war with France is the only determinant.

How does it work?

Prussia will get an event, 'The Spanish Succession Crisis' (4631) which if the player accepts, will trigger an event for France, which more than likely will cause the start of the Franco-Prussian war, since the French AI usually goes to war over this issue.

Alternatively, Prussia can simply declare war on France.

Then its a simple case of winning the war to unify Germany. The way to do this is:

- by occupying Paris.


- by a Bavarian, Italian, Spanish, Baden, UK, Belgian, Swiss or Wurttemburg ally occupying Paris (thus any French bordering ally occupying Paris).

The event can fire from the 15th January 1870 and doesn't die until the end of 1920. It shall check for the conditions being met every 7 days.

What does it do?

1. Germany is created.

2. Germany gains +200 prestige.

3. Peace is concluded with France.

4. France cedes Metz, Strasbourg & Mulhausen to Germany. If it owns Luxembourg it will cede it to Germany. If it owns any German land, it will cede it to Germany.

Furthermore, France shall receive some other pretty nasty events, which is a story for another day.

Anything else I should know?

There is one very important factor to be considered before approaching this route to unifying Germany. That is; what happens if France wins the war?

If France wins the war and if the 'The Fall of the French Empire event' doesn't fire, 'The Fall of Prussia' event will fire for Prussia. This event forces Prussia to secede provinces to France and to the North German Federation, if it exists. Furthermore, the NGF ceases to be a Prussian satellite and in fact becomes a French satellite.

Therefore, it is extremely important to try and limit the chances of France being able to win this war, by being prepared for a tough war with France.

Finally, if you do win the leadership battle with Austria which in turn creates the SGF and NGF, by winning the Franco-Prussian war, these states will join the German nation and Germany will truly be unified.


If you like re-enacting history or if you haven't been able to satisfy the other methods of unifying Germany, then this is the option for you. A word of caution though: This method can be deemed risky, since you may in fact lose the war, thus losing the chance to unify Germany and also you forego the benefits of being unified 20 years earlier.

However unifying Germany through war with France does have its benefits. One namely being that you get your Alsace-Lorraine cores off of France. You also make France weaker. Finally, you get to keep the same political system that you have had since the start of the game, if you consider that a good thing.

There is no doubting that this can be a very satisfying way of unifying Germany. However you may not have any finger nails left by the time you have done so.